|||| |||| ||||

Scythian Pendant

  • Era/Century: Prehistory
  • Culture: Late Iron Age
  • Site: Ritopek
  • Dating: 5th-4th century B.C.
  • Material: bronze
  • Technique: casting
  • Dimensions: length 5, height 4,7 cm
  • ID Number: AP 3078
  • Property: Belgrade City Museum
  • On Display: No

© Terms of use

Finds showing features of the Scythian style are important clues in the study of ethno-cultural movements in the central Balkan and Danubian regions at the end of the early Iron Age. They are not numerous in this territory. An exceptional area in this respect are the banks of the Danube in the vicinity of Belgrade, where most of the finds of this type have been discovered. Outstanding among them is the decorative plate in the form of an animal stylized in the Scythian fashion, which was found in one of several horsemen's graves discovered by chance at Ritopek near Belgrade.

The plate is a typical ornament of the headgear for horses and probably adorned the cheek piece. The decorative scheme of the plate is striking: it is fashioned in the form of a fantastic animal – griffin - and shows only some parts of its body (pars pro toto). This is a characteristic feature of Scythian art, particularly prominent on the plates dating from the 5th-4th centuries B.C. The head of the animal, crested and bearded, is clearly visible, while the body is neglected. The fan-like spiral ringlets in the lower part represent the griffin's claws. The appearance of this and similar Scythian finds in the territory of Belgrade may be associated with the increased contacts between the local tribes and the communities settled in the lower Danubian region and in Thrace, where Little Scythia was formed after an influx of some Scythian tribes from the Euro-Asian steppes in the 5th-4th centuries B.C.

Published in Prehistory

News and Announcements Archive