Šonda Ice Factory

Šonda Ice Factory

  • Место: Belgrade
  • Date: 1932
  • Technique: photograph
  • Dimensions: 12 х 9 cm
  • Inventory number: I2/1 1169

Belgrade's growth after World War I brought about an increased need for all kinds of industrial goods. The then high-technology market was partly dependent on imported goods. However, a great part of production facilities for raw materials, food and handicraft industry were located in Belgrade. Some of the industrial plants were keeping pace with the most modern achievements of the time, e.g. in aircraft industry. Yet, there were facilities that, in terms of manufacturing methods and working conditions, brought to mind the spirit of times far bygone.

Since modern electric refrigerators were not available in Belgrade at that time, the increasing need for ice had to be met in some other way. In the period between the two World Wars, there were six ice factories in Belgrade: the breweries of Ignjat Bajloni, Đorđe Vajfert (Georg Weifert) and the Jagodina Brewery; the factory of the Belgrade Abattoir Society, the Zagreb Joint-Stock Ice Manufacturing Company (the Belgrade branch office) and renowned Belgrade food manufacturers, the Šonda family.

An artificial ice manufacturing facility was a part of the Šonda M.K. Cocoa and Chocolate Factory, located in the Belgrade neighbourhood of Dorćol, in Nos. 62–70 Cara Uroša Street. Every day, especially during hot summers, horse carts loaded with ice delivered it to numerous restaurants and hotels in Belgrade, as well as to other big consumers of ice. This photo was made in August 1932.

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