Minim of Scordicsi

Minim of Scordicsi

  • Site: Batajnica
  • Period: Prehistory
  • Date: 1st century BC
  • Culture: Celtic
  • Material: gold
  • Technique: minting
  • Dimensions: R 0,35 cm, weight 0.13 gr
  • Inventory number: N 160, N 10316

The arrival of the Celts into the Danubian region and the Morava valley towards the end of the 4th century B.C. brought important changes to the entire region. The innovations they introduced, particularly those in metal-working and pottery-making - the crafts the Celts were particularly good at - gave a strong impetus to the local economy. As a result of their contacts with the Hellenistic world, the Celts, i.e. the Scordisci, began to strike coins modelled after the tetradrachmum of Philip II of Macedon. In time they eliminated inscriptions, monograms and other details, and began to make imitations of imitations, but they retained the basic feature of the prototype – the head/horseman combination - during the entire era of their monetary activity.

Towards the end of their independence and monetary activity, in the last decades of the 1st century B.C., the Scordisci minted small silver coins, the so-called minims. A considerable number of these coins have been found in the central territory of the Scordisci in Srem, particularly along the right bank of the Danube, on the stretch from Slankamen to Zemun. The Celtic groups, apart from the one that lived further north, in the territory of modern Czech Republic, and known as Boii, did not mint gold coins. This is also true of the Scordisci settled in the area between the Sava and the Danube. A gold minim is definitely a rarity, and its use in this case may be associated with the lack of silver at that particular time because of some local transaction unknown to us.

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